ADV MD SAROWAR HOSSAIN LOVELO

ADVOCATE, SUPREME COURT OF BANGLADESH,MEMBER (LINCLON'S INN),LONDON, UK.

-t evsjv‡`k I hy³iv‡R¨ AvBbMZ mnvqZvi wel‡q msw¶ß aviYv t-

f~wgKv t-Avw_©Kfv‡e Am”Qj, mnvq-m¤^jnxb Ges bvbvwea Av_©mvgvwRK Kvi‡Y wePvi cÖv_©x‡Z Amg_© wePvicÖv_©x RbMY‡K miKvix Li‡P AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`v‡bi j‡¶miKvi 2000 mv‡j AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb AvBb, 2000 bv‡g GKwU AvBb cÖYqb K‡i| GwU 2000 m‡bi 6bs AvBb| B‡Zvc~‡e© 1993 mv‡j GKwU RvZxq KwgwU MV‡bi gva¨‡g wjM¨vj GBW Gi Kvh©µg ïiæ nq| DcwiD³ AvB‡bi AvIZvq miKvi AvBb, wePvi I msm` welqK gš¿Yvj‡qi Aax‡b 28 GwcÖj, 2000 mv‡j ÒRvZxq AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb ms¯’vÓ ev National Legal Aid Services Organization-NLASO cÖwZôv K‡i| ‡`ke¨vcx GB AvBbx Kg©KvÛ ev¯Íevqb †bZ…Z¡ cÖ`v‡b DcwiD³ gš¿Yvj‡qi `vwq‡Z¡ wb‡qvwRZ gvbbxq gš¿x‡K †Pqvig¨vb Ges RvZxq ms¯’vi m¤§vbxZ cwiPvjK‡K m`m¨ mwPe K‡i 19 m`m¨ wewkó GKwU RvZxq cwiPvjbv †evW© MVb Kiv nq| AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb AvBb, 2000 mwVKfv‡e ev¯Íevq‡bi j‡¶ miKvi cieZ©x‡Z AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb bxwZgvjv- 2001, AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb cÖweavbgvjv- 2001 Ges Dc‡Rjv I BDwbqb KwgwU MVb, `vwqZ¡, Kvh©vejx BZ¨vw` cÖweavbgvjv, 2011 cÖYqb Ges †M‡RU AvKv‡i cÖKvk K‡i,hviv AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖvwß n‡Z ewÂZ n‡”Q Zv‡`i‡K AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ | AvBbMZ mnvqZv ev Legal Aid K_vwU Avgv‡`i evsjv‡`k 2000 mv‡j cwiPq n‡jI wKš‘ hy³iv‡R¨, (UK) ‡Z AvBbMZ mnvqZvi welqwU 1949 mv‡j 2q wek¦ hy‡×i ci cwiwPZ jvf K‡i‡Q The Legal Aid and Advice Act 1949 | cÖK…Z c‡¶ hv‡`i AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖvwßi cÖ‡qvRb Zv‡`i‡K AvBbMZ mnvqZvi j‡¶¨ †jfvi Mf‡g›U 1949 mv‡j AvBbMZ mvqZvi mv‡_ RbM‡bi cwiPq Kwiqv †`q Ges Zvi ci ‡_‡K Zvi ci †_‡K 1980 ch©š— Ab¨ †Kvb miKvi AvBbMZ mnvqZv m¤ú‡K© †Kvb KvR K‡ibwb| 1980 mv‡ji gv‡Si w`‡K Lord Chancellor Gi †Póvq AvBbMZ mnvqZvi welqwU wKQzUv DbœwZ jvf K‡i| 1997 mv‡j c~bivq †jfvi Mf‡g›U AvBMZ mnvqZvi wel‡q A‡bK cwieZ©b wb‡q Av‡mb| 1998 mv‡j Conditional Fee Argument 1998  msev` cvm K‡ib Ges 1999 mv‡j Access to Justice Act 1999  Gi gva¨‡g|

1999 Gi c~‡e© hy³iv‡R¨ AvBbMZ mnvqZv:-

1999 mv‡j c~‡e© hy³ivR¨ AvBbMZ mnvqZv 5wU ¯—‡i wef³ wQj hvnv wb‡gœ eY©bv Kiv nj t-  

1|     AvBbMZ Dc‡`k I mnvqZv t- hvnv meyR dig wn‡m‡e cwiwPZ wQj| D³ c×wZi mv¶¨ AvBbMZ mnvqZvi welqwU A‡bK we¯—vi jvf K‡i| 1990 mvj ch©š— M‡o 10,00,000/= (`k j¶) Gi †P‡q †ekx gvgjvq GB c×wZ‡Z AvBMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb Kiv nZ|

2|    cÖwZwbwaZ¡ Kivi gva¨‡g AvBbMZ mnvqZv t- D³ c×wZi mnvqZv ïaygvÎ g¨vwR‡óªU †KvU©, gvbwlK ¯^v¯’¨ msµvš— UªvBey¨bvj Ges wKQz Child Care  cÖPjb wQj|

3|    ‡`Iqvbx AvBbMZ mnvqZv AvBbMZ mnvqZv t ‡`Iqvbx AvBbMZ mnvqZv AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb AvBb 1998 Gi 15 (2) aviv Abymv‡i gvgjvi wgÝ †Uó Ges †gwiU †Uó (wgÝ †Uó ej‡Z Av‡e`bKvixi Avw_©K Ae¯’v w`KUv †ekx we‡ePbv Kiv nZ Ges †gwiU †Uó ej‡Z gvgjvi ¸bv¸Z welqwU we‡ePbv KiZt A_©vr AvBbMZ mnvqZvi welqwU Av‡e`bKvix gvgjvq wRZ‡e wKbv, hw` Av‡e`bKvix gvgjvq wRZ‡e g‡b nq Z‡eB Zv‡K †`Iqvbx AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb Kiv nZ| GB c×wZ‡Z †h ai‡Yi gvgjvi Rb¨ Av‡e`b Kiv nZ †mB ai‡Yi civgk©K Øviv AvBbMZ mnvqZv Kiv nZ|

4|    ‡dŠR`vix AvBMZ mnvqZv t- †dŠR`vix AvBMZ mnvqZvi Rb¨ Av‡e`bKvix gvgjvi PvR© MV‡bi ci Av‡e`b Ki‡Z cviZ| D³ c×wZ‡Z Av‡e`bKvix g¨vwR‡óªU †KvU© ev µvDb †Kv‡U©i Av‡e`b Ki‡Z cviZ| GB c×wZ‡Z meyR dig c×wZ cÖPwjZ wQj|

5|    g¨vwR‡óªU †KvU© Ges _vbvq AvBb civgk© wb‡qvM t- GB c×wZ‡Z gvgjv cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ g¨vwR‡óªU †Kv‡U© Ges _vbvq AvBb civgk©K ev Solicitor wb‡qvM Kiv nZ Ges D³ AvBb civgk©KMY c¶MY‡K g¨vwR‡óªU †KvU© Ges _vbvq AvBbx civgk© w`‡Zb|

1999 mv‡ji ci AvBbMZ mnvqZv t

hy³iv‡R¨i 1998 mv‡ji ci AvBbMZ mnvqZvi wel‡q e¨vcK cwieZ©b Av‡m| The Access to Justice Act 1999   Gi 1 aviv Abymv‡i ¯^vaxb AvBbMZ mnvqZv Kwgkb MVb Kiv nq Ges D³ Kwgk‡bi gva¨‡g eZ©gv‡b c~‡e©i mKj c×wZ ev` wb‡q ïaygvÎ 2wU c×wZi gva¨‡g AvBbMZ mnvqZvi c×wZ Av‡ivc Kiv nq|

1|     KwgDwbwU wjM¨vj mvwf©m:-  D³ c×wZ 1999 mv‡ji The Access to Justice Act 1999 ev AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb AvBb 1999 Gi 4 aviv Abymv‡i †`Iqvbx I Ab¨vb¨ wel‡q AvBbMZ mnvqZvi Rb¨ Community Legal Service bv‡g  bZzb c×wZ Pvjy Kiv nq| GB D³ AvB‡bi 4 aviv Abymv‡i 1 GwcÖj 2000Bs †_‡K Community Legal Service Pvjy nq|

1|     KwgDwbwU wjM¨vj mvwf©m Gi wfwË t-

KwgDwbwU wjM¨vj mvwf©‡mi gva¨‡g wb‡gœi mnvqZvi cÖ`vb Kiv nqt

        1| AvBbMZ mnvqZv

        2| Av`vj‡Z AvBMZ mnvqZv

        3| cvwievwiK gvgjvi AvBMZ mnvqZv

        4| AvBbMZ cÖwZwbwaZ¡

        5| Aby‡gvw`Z cvwievwiK mnvqZv|

K)   KwgDwbwU wjM¨vj mvwf©m Gi AvIZv t-

KwgDwbwU wjM¨vj mvwf©m wb‡gœi wel‡q mnvqZv cÖ`vb K‡i _v‡K|

        1| e¨w³MZ gvgjvq|

        2| gvbnvwb I wnsmvZ¡K gyjK wg_¨v gvgjvq|

        3| e¨emv msµvš— gvgjvq|

        4| cvwievwiK gvgjvq AvBbMZ mnvqZvq|

        4| †Kv¤úvbx AvBbMZ Ges Uªvó msµvš— gvgjvq mnvqZv cÖ`vb Kiv nq|

 

KwgDwbwU wjM¨vj mvwf©m Gi hveZxq `vq-`vwqZ¡ D³ AvB‡bi 8 aviv Gi gva¨‡g wbqwš¿Z nq|

L)  wµwgbvj wW‡dÝ mvwf©m t- 2000 mv‡ji GwcÖj gv‡mi 2 ZvwiL †_‡K The Access to Justice Act 1999 ev AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb AvBb 1999 Gi 12 ( 1) aviv Abymv‡i c~‡e©i †dŠR`vix AvBbMZ mnvqZv †K cwieZ©b Kiv nq| wµwgbvj wW‡dÝ mvwf©m KwgDwbwU wjM¨vj mvwf©m †_‡K wfbœ wQj| ΓwU ïaygvÎ †dŠR`vix gvgjvi wel‡q AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb Kiv nq|

wµwgbvj wW‡dÝ mvwf©m Gi wfwË t-

wµwgbvj wW‡dÝ mvwf©m Gi wfwË wQj wbgœiƒc t

1| †dŠR`vix gvgjvq Dc‡`k Ges mn‡hvwMZv |

2|  †dŠR`vix gvgjvq AvBRxwei gva¨‡g mnvqZv|

3|  †dŠR`vix gvgjvq cÖwZwbwaZ¡ Kivi gva¨‡g mnvqZv|

The Access to Justice Act 1999 ev AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb AvBb 1999 myweav t-

1)    The Accen to Justice Act 1999  Gi gva¨‡g A‡bK As‡k Sv‡gjv K‡g G‡j I Gi gva¨‡g A‡bK eZ©gvb AvB‡bi A‡bKUv myweav n‡”Q Av‡e`bKvix †h‡Kvb gvgjvq ( 5wU c×wZi  g‡a¨) Av‡e`b Ki‡Z cv‡i| GLv‡b UvKvi †Kvb mxgve×Zv †bB| hw` gvgjvq Av‡e`bKvix gvgjvq Rqjvf Ki‡e e‡j g‡b nq Z‡eB Kwgkb ïaygvÎ Li‡Pi UvKv Ges mxgvbv jvf †K‡U iv‡L G‡Z K‡i wb‡Ri I jvf nq Ges miKvi I jvfevb nq|

2)    The Access to Justice Act 1999 ev AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb AvBb 1999 Amyweavt

bv wRZ‡j UvKv bvB c×wZ t- 1998 mv‡ji Conditional fee Agreement 1998  Gi gva¨‡g KwgDwbwU wjM¨vj mvwf©m Gi e¨vcK cÖfve co‡Q| AwaKvsk gvgjv wb‡Z Pvq bv Conditional fee Agreement Qvov AvBbRxexiv|

evsjv‡`‡k AvBbMZ mnvqZvt-

Avgv‡`i evsjv‡`k A‡bK ‡`wi‡Z n‡jI AvBMZ mnvqZv cÖ`v‡bi Rb¨ 26 †k Rvbyqvix 2000 mvj AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb AvBb 2000( 2000 mv‡ji 6bs AvBb) cvm K‡i Ges Gi 3 (1) aviv Gi gva¨‡g RvZxq AvBMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb ms¯’v cÖwZôvb Kiv nq Ges ms¯’vi cwiPvjbvi Rb¨ 19 m`m¨ wewkó †evW© MVb Kiv nq|  2011 mv‡ji Gi 3 avive‡j  ms‡kvab Kiv nq Ges 7 avive‡j Zv‡`i `vwqZ¡ I Kvh©vejx wba©viY Kiv nq| D³ AvB‡bi 9(1) avive‡j †Rjv KwgwU Ges 9 (2) avie‡j KwgwUi m`m¨ wba©viY Kiv nq Ges 10 avive‡j †Rjv KwgwUi `vwqZ¡ I Kvhv©ejx Ges 12 avive‡j Dc‡Rjv KwgwU BDwbqb KwgwU BZ¨vw` MVb Kiv nq Ges 2001 mv‡j cÖwZavb cÖbqb Ges 2011 mv‡j Bnv ms‡kvab Kiv nq| GB AvBb Ges cÖwZavb 2006 mv‡j Gi 2011 mv‡j me©‡gvU 2 evi ms‡kvab Kiv nq|

 

 

 

evsjv‡`‡k AvBbMZ mnvqZvi Rb¨ Av‡e`‡bi †hvM¨ Kviv ?

        wb‡gœi e¨w³Mb AvBbMZ mnvqZvi Rb¨ †Rjv KwgwUi eive‡i Av‡e`b Ki‡Z cv‡it-

1|     hvnvi gvwmK Avq 4,000 UvKv ev Zvi Kg A_ev evrmwiK Avq 50,000/= UvKv Kg|

2|    kvwiixK fv‡e A¶g, †eKvi Ges gyw³‡hv×vi †¶‡Î gvwmK Avq 6,000/= UvKv ev Zvi Kg Ges evrmwiK Avq 75,000/= UvKvi Kg|

3|    Aemi cÖvß miKvix PvKzixRxwe|

4|    hviv VGF KvW© MÖnY K‡i|

5|    GwmW `» gwnjv I wkï |

5|    Av`k© MÖv‡g emevmKvix RbMb|

7|    Avw_©K fv‡e `ye©j weaev gwnjv Ges ˆmwb‡Ki weaev ¯¿x |

8|    e›`x hvnvi †Kvb AvBbRxex wb‡qv‡Mi ¶gZv bvB|

9|    whwb †`Iqvwjqv †NvwlZ n‡q‡Qb|

10|   ‡Rj KZ©„c¶ hvnv‡K mnvqZvi Rb¨ cvVvq wKfv‡e Av‡e`b Ki‡Z cv‡i|

AvBbMZ mnvqZvi Rb¨ Av‡e`‡bi c×wZt-

Av‡e`bKvix AvBbMZ mnvqZvi Rb¨ wb‡gœi c×wZ‡Z Av‡e`b Ki‡Z cv‡it-

1|     mivmwi

2|    Av`vj‡Zi gva¨‡g

3|    Dc‡Rjv KwgwUi gva¨‡gr

5|    KvivMv‡ii gva¨‡g

6|    wK‡kvi Dbœqb †K‡›`i gva¨‡g

7|    GbwRI Gi gva¨‡g

AvBbMZ mnvqZvi Rb¨ GKRb Av‡e`bKvix wb‡¤§i c×wZ‡Z Av‡e`b Ki‡Z cv‡ib Ges †Rjv KwgwU wb‡¤§i wm×vš— wb‡Z cv‡ib|

1|     Av‡e`bKvix mivmwi †Rjv KwgwU A_ev Dc‡Rjv KwgwU A_ev BDwbqb KwgwUi wb¤§ AvBbMZ mnvqZvi Rb¨ Av‡e`b Ki‡eb|

2|    Dc‡Rjv ev BDwbqb KwgwU D³ Av‡e`b MÖnY‡hvM¨ n‡j †Rjv KwgwUi wbKU cvVv‡eb Ges †Rjv KwgwUi wbKU nq Z‡e †Rjv KwgwU Av‡e`bwU MÖnY c~e©K GKLvbv cÖvwß ¯^xKvi cÎ (Gj.G dig-3) cÖ`vb Ki‡eb Ges hw` Av‡e`b AM¨vZ nq Z‡e AMÖvn¨ cÎ (Gj.G dig-4) cÖ`vb Ki‡eb|

3|    hw` Av‡e`bwU MÖnY‡hvM¨ nq Z‡e †Rjv KwgwU Gj.G dig 6 Gi hw` Av‡e`bwU AMÖvn¨ nq Z‡e Gj G. dig 5 Gi gva¨‡g eivei, cwiPvjbv, RvZxq AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb ms¯’v 145, wbD w‡mBjm& †ivW, (8g Zjv) XvKv-1000 eive‡i Gj.G dig 5 Gi gva¨‡g 60 w`‡bi g‡a¨ Avcx‡ji Av‡e`b Ki‡Z cvi‡eb Ges Avcx‡ji mg_©‡b cÖ‡qvRbxq KvMRcÎ mshy³ K‡i w`‡eb| Ges RvZxq AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb ms¯’v Gi wm×vš—B Pzovš—|

4|    c¨v‡bj AvBbRxex wb‡qv‡Mi ci †Rjv KwgwUi Awdm †_‡K Av‡e`bKvix †K GKwU gvgjvi Z_¨ KvW© cÖ`vb Kiv n‡e, hvnv‡Z wbeÜb bs, ZvwiL, Av‡e`bKvixi bvg, cÖwZc‡¶i bvg, Av`v‡Zi bvg, gvgjvi b¤^i, c¨v‡bj AvBbRxwei bvg Ges Gj. G AvBwW bs Ges cieZx© avh©¨ ZvwiL BZ¨vw` D‡j­L Av‡Q|

4|    gvgjvi Z_¨ KvW© cvIqvi ci Av‡e`bKvix gvgjvi cÖ‡qvRbxq KvMRcÎ mn c¨v‡bj AvBbRxwei wbKU †hvMv‡hvM K‡ib&

5|    c¨v‡bj AvBbRxwe gvgjvi c`‡¶c msµvš— cÖwZ‡e`b cÖ`vb K‡ib| c¨v‡bj AvBbRxwe mvaviYZ gvwmK Ges ˆÎ-gvwmK cÖwZ‡e`b cÖ`vb K‡ib| wKš‘ †Kvb †Kvb mgq we‡kl we‡kl †¶‡Î mvßvwnK cÖwZ‡e`b K‡i _v‡Kb| c¨v‡bj AvBbRxwe AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`vb cÖwZavb gvjv 2001 Gi cÖwZavb 5(2) Abymv‡i Gj.G. dig 10 Gi gva¨‡g cÖwZ 3 gvm Aš—i Aš—i †Rjv KwgwUi eive‡i cÖwZ‡e`b cÖ`vb K‡ib|

6|    c¨v‡bj AvBbRxwe gvgjvq wb¯úwË msµvš— cÖwZ‡e`b †Rjv KwgwUi wbKU cÖ`vb K‡ib& G‡Z gvgjvi weeiY, c¶Ø‡qi bvg, gvgjvi djvdj, Ab¨vb¨ Z_¨ Ges gš—e¨ cÖ`vb K‡ib|

7|    ‡Rjv KwgwU wb‡¤§i 2wU †¶‡Î AvBbMZ mnvqZv ev Legal Aid  evwZj Ki‡Z cv‡ib| h_v t-

        1| Av‡e`bKvix hw` wb‡Ri cQ›` Abyhvqx AvBRxwe wb‡qvM K‡ib|

        2| Av‡e`bKvix gvgjvq avh©¨ Zvwi‡L Abycw¯’Z _vwK‡j|

AvBbMZ mnvqZv cÖ`v‡bi wel‡q wb‡¤§i c`‡¶c MÖnY Kiv DwPZ t

1|     AvBbMZ mnvqZvi wel‡q miKvi‡K cvkvcvwk wewfbœ Gb.wR.I I gvbevwaKvi msMVb‡K `vwqZ¡ `‡Z n‡e|

2|    DbœZ †`‡ki mv‡_ wgj †i‡L Avgv‡`i †`‡k I AvBbMZ mnvqZvi wel‡q cwieZ©b Avm‡Z n‡e|

3|    Av‡e`‡bi mxgv 4,000 ev 6000 †_‡K 15,000 UvKv Kiv cÖ‡qvRb|

4|    AvBbMZ mnvqZvi wel‡q wbavwiZ bxwZgvjv cÖbqb Kiv DwPZ, we‡kl K‡i †`Iqvbx gvgjv msµvš— wel‡q †`Iqvbx AvBbRxwe Ges †dŠR`vix wel‡q †dŠR`vix AvBbRxwe wb‡qvM Kiv DwPZ|

5|    ‡Rjv AvBbMZ mnvqZv Awdm‡K Av‡iv DbœZ Kiv DwPZ| Ges †jvKej Av‡iv wb‡qvM Kiv cÖ‡qvRb|

6|    Dc‡Rjv BDwbqb ch©v‡q AvBbMZ mnvqZvi wbR¯^ Awdm Ges Rbej wb‡qvM Kiv cÖ‡qvRb|

7|    Ab jvB‡bi gva¨‡g Av‡e`b cÎ MÖnY Ges evwZj mn hveZxq wnmvevw` cwiPvjbv Kiv DwPZ|   

-t mgvß t-

mvwe©K mn‡hvwMZvq t

 

30 Sep 2013

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